PARAGOMPHUS capitatus – Gomphidae


The male of Paragomphus capitatus, Gomphidae – Oct 15, 2016

My first encounter with this dragonfly, Paragomphus capitatusGomphidae, on Oct 15, 2016, at Karajae River, Parepare – South Sulawesi. I was surprised, because suddenly they flashed in front of me, when I try to tread the river rocks. At the time it was noon, at 11:10 am. I watched them closely, and it turns out they are familiar, and not difficult to approach.



Perched on the river rocks

I observed their attractive color patterns, predominantly yellow, with many black stripes, but rather green-blue face. They seem happy, chasing each other, even with other species (at that time with Trithemis and Orthetrum). They seem to like the flow of water in the river, but not too heavy. Perched on dry twigs, or on the surface of river rocks, they often looked stylish, with upright abdominal lifting, or twisting the head. They looked like a clean and open space, and shy away from bushes and grasses.


Interesting and rare species, endemic in Sulawesi


Looks from below, showing hook and appedages

I approached them and took some pictures. At that moment, I just found the males. But I was very impressed with this meeting. I noted in my exploration book, some things are important, especially when meeting with them (October), the habitat they prefer, other species join them, and abundance in one location – when I just found 8 dragonflies of this species.

Photos by Geni Harefa Ais, 2016

IUCN Notes:

Species name: Paragomphus capitatus (Martin, 1909) ◼ Family: Gomphidae (Anisoptera, ODONATA). ◼ Red List Category and Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1

Justification: Though no published information is available, this species has been found common all over Sulawesi, occurring in secondary and disturbed habitats as well as pristine ones (J. van Tol pers. comm. 2007). ◼ Range Description: This species is common all over Sulawesi. ◼ Native: Indonesia (Sulawesi). ◼ Population: The population trend is unknown, as are numbers although it is common where it is found. ◼ Trend: Unknown. ◼ Habitat and Ecology: Found in secondary, disturbed and pristine habitats. ◼ System: Freshwater. ◼ Major Threats: No details are known regarding threats affecting this species. ◼ Conservation Actions: This species is common in disturbed as well as pristine habitats and does not appear to require conservation action at present. There are no conservation measures in place. ◼ Citation: Kalkman, V. 2009. Paragomphus capitatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T163939-A5670264.


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